Pay Day Loan Ideas That Everyone Need To Try

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Sometimes you may feel tense about paying out your debts in the week? Do you have attempted everything? Have you ever tried a payday loan? A payday advance can provide the amount of money you must spend charges at the moment, and you could pay for the financial loan way back in amounts. Nonetheless, there are some things you must know. Keep reading for tips to help you through the approach.

Get in touch with about and find out interest rates and costs. Most payday advance firms have similar charges and interest rates, yet not all. You might be able to preserve 10 or 20 money on your own personal loan if an individual company delivers a reduced monthly interest. In the event you often get these personal loans, the price savings will prove to add up.

Any individual considering getting a payday loan should make them selves to quick pay back as an alternative to ongoing extensions. If you extend these financial loans, you can expect to simply ingredient the attention and make it even more difficult to repay the borrowed funds in the future.

If you find yourself stuck with a payday advance that you could not pay off, call the borrowed funds firm, and lodge a issue. Almost everyone has genuine grievances, regarding the great costs charged to prolong pay day loans for an additional pay out time period. Most financial institutions gives you a reduction on your financial loan service fees or attention, however, you don’t get when you don’t request — so be sure to check with!

Before you apply for any payday advance, look into the full array of other funding possibilities that exist. It is cheaper to acquire a bank loan coming from a financial institution, a charge card company, or from loved ones. The service fees involved in these swap choices are constantly far less than others of the pay day loan.

Be sure that you know how, and once you will pay back your loan before you even get it. Hold the loan repayment proved helpful in your finances for your next pay time periods. Then you can assure you have to pay the cash rear. If you fail to pay back it, you will definately get stuck having to pay that loan extension cost, along with extra attention.

In case you have any beneficial items, you really should think about using these with you to a payday advance service provider. Sometimes, payday loan providers will let you secure a pay day loan in opposition to an invaluable object, say for example a bit of fine jewelry. A protected pay day loan will usually use a decrease interest, than an unprotected pay day loan.

You’ll need to have phone recommendations for your personal payday advance. You may be required to provide work quantity, your property number as well as your mobile. Most cash advance companies would like you to offer them some referrals.

Should you be putting your signature on a pay day loan, be sure you only acquire the quantity you require and may effortlessly pay back every time it’s expected. Many times, lenders give you more dollars. Despite the fact that this can be enticing, you need to avoid them simply because in the long run, you will need to shell out far more fascination and costs.

Jot down your transaction because of dates. Once you have the pay day loan, you should shell out it back again, or at least make a transaction. Although you may forget every time a payment date is, the business will make an effort to drawback the amount through your bank account. Documenting the times can help you remember, so that you have no problems with your lender.

Take care with handing from the private data when you find yourself using to get a cash advance. Many times you need to provide the organization a interpersonal stability amount, by way of example. There are a few who would sell any information you provide to disreputable thirdly functions. This information could be employed to steal your identity consequently, make certain you utilize a respected company.

Should you be self employed and searching for a payday loan, concern not since they are nevertheless accessible to you. As you almost certainly won’t have a spend stub to demonstrate evidence of job. The best choice is to provide a duplicate of your tax return as evidence. Most loan companies will nevertheless offer you a financial loan.

In case you are considering a pay day loan, have good credit score and may extra a day or two, take into account seeking as an alternative to some social loaning option. This is a approach which sets individuals and lenders together dependent off from their requirements. The rates are typically much less costly when compared to a cash advance, nevertheless it takes several days to finalize this process.

Only obtain how much cash which you absolutely need. As an example, should you be struggling to pay off your debts, then this finances are obviously necessary. Nevertheless, you should never ever acquire money for splurging purposes, like eating out. The high interest rates you will have to shell out in the foreseeable future, is definitely not well worth possessing funds now.

With the info you possess read here, your confidence in what you need to do must be great. Come up with a excellent choice that you can be happy with. Greatest desires in making seem monetary options for your future. You need to have no financial problems any more. Be aware that there are actually things you can do to help you on your own from financial stress.

May I Take Medicines With Phentermine 37.5 milligrams?

Right here at Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram .com, we a great deal of queries about whether or not it’s safe and sound to take medicines with Apettite supressant 37.5 mg , which may include recommended drugs, dietary supplements, as well as over-the-counter solutions for everyday troubles such as severe headaches and acid reflux. Have a look at describe all that you need to understand taking medicines with Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram , from particularly becoming given medications to mix with Phentermine 37.5 milligrams , on the ways Phentermine 37.5 milligram  can interact with medications, and how even over-the-counter-top solutions is effective in reducing the strength of Phentermine 37.5 milligram .

Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  Combinations
Occasionally, doctors will purposely order medicines with Phentermine 37.5 mg  – these are classified as Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  combinations from http://kositbangkok.com. The goal is this fact blend of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  and another prescription drugs boosts the potential for the Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  and boosts the opportunity of powerful fat loss. One particular combination is Phen-Pro, which is the name directed at the combination of Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  and a low measure of the zero-depressant, for example Prozac or Zoloft. The anti–depressant ingredient in Phen-Pro is just not for the treatment depression but instead is supposed to assist the Phentermine 37.5 milligram  work more efficiently at marketing fat loss.
An additional typically approved Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  combination is Qsymia, a variety of Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  and topiramate, an anti–convulsant substance that can cause weight reduction as a complication. Qsymia is the manufacturer because of this combination, however, many physicians want to write two independent medications for Phentermine 37.5 milligram  and topiramate, quite possibly as a way to cut costs for his or her patients to ensure that their Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  prescription cost less to load. Phentermine 37.5 mg  can also be approved in other substance combinations, such as to weight-loss medicines including Belviq (known as Bel-Phen), anti-suffering from diabetes drug treatments like Glucophage XR, with zero-convulsants like Zonegran, or with Norepinephrine-Dopamine Reuptake Chemical (NDRIs) like Wellbutrin SR. In certain cases these mixtures might be approved to help treat other current conditions such as stop snoring, metabolic syndrome, and diabetic issues, whilst other mixtures are meant to come together to boost the strength of Phentermine 37.5 milligrams .
If perhaps you were approved Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram from http://www.pkl-resort.com in combination with any other medicine, it is vital that your doctor explains to you why that person selected this mixture for you personally, what each and every treatment does, how the two communicate, and what feasible friendships may possibly happen as a result of the mix to ensure that you to be aware what you may anticipate, each when it comes to benefits in addition to feasible unwanted effects. Lastly, it needs to be pressured these mixtures are only secure if specifically determined by a doctor. Even if you have personal prescriptions both for medicines, without getting recommended a particular mixture by the medical professional who is aware of your medical ailments and present medicines, harmful substance connections will occur because of home-medicating Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  combinations.
Getting Recommended Medicines With Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram 
While getting Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram , there is always the possibility that you might need to consider other medications concurrently for any number of health concerns. These medications fall under certainly one of four types: medicines for present circumstances, drugs for brand new circumstances, short-phrase prescriptions, and contraception.
Prescription drugs For Active Situations
These kinds of medications could be individuals that you are already getting long or short-expression, but which you take before getting examined on your suitability to take Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams . It really is vital that you explain to your Phentermine 37.5 milligram  doctor that you will be using these prescription drugs and for how long you have been told to consider them, specially if he or she is not your usual doctor or specialist. You need to only be given Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  if it can be looked at as safe and sound so that you can go plus the other treatment(ersus) you are taking, and even then, you have to be educated of the probabilities of relationships among prescription drugs and the way to identify the symptoms of those. So if you feel prescribed Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  by another physician, it is also best if you explain to another prescribing doctors you could have that you will be now getting Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  – that way, your data with all the current medical doctors you’ve contact with will be up to date, so that if any issues should come up everyone will have a better placement to help you.
Prescription drugs For Brand New Circumstances
While you’re getting Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams , you might need to start taking medications for severe or prolonged-term medical problems that were not in the past identified. If the medical doctor who’s suggesting this new medicine is an alternative medical professional then you ought to notify them that you will be having Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams , because it is also imperative that you explain to your Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  doctor about this new medicine. It may be necessary that you should quit taking Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  if there exists a possibility how the two medications may cause a risky conversation. Otherwise, your Phentermine 37.5 mg  prescription could possibly be transformed to a new medication dosage, or you might be recommended to take an alternative fat loss treatment.
medications with Phentermine 37.5 milligrams 
Small-Expression Medications
Probably more probable than staying prescribed new medicines for further significant health problems, is the call to have a quick length of prescription antibiotics or other short-term health professional prescribed even though using Apettite supressants 37.5 mg . Most online solutions suggest that Phentermine 37.5 milligram  does not interact with most prescription antibiotics, but different sensitivity and respiration medicines could cause interactions and unwanted effects, so being mindful of this, it is always important to explain to your physician that you are getting Phentermine 37.5 milligram  when you’re approved another treatment, regardless how quick-time period it is. Moreover, it will be a good idea for you to have a break from Phentermine 37.5 milligram  while you’re taking medicines for a number of factors – to avoid unwanted side effects, to make sure that your medication performs effectively, and so your results of Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  are not affected.

Birth Control Pills
If you are able being expecting a baby then it is important to use some sort of birth control method when using Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  as Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  cannot be studied by females who are pregnant or attempting to get pregnant. Birth control pills are not discovered to result in relationships with Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram , even though you should nevertheless make certain to tell your Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  doctor in regards to the birth control method capsule you take as there might be a necessity to modify your tablet as a way to equilibrium your hormones.
Taking Nutritional supplements And No-Prescription Drugs With Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams 
Whilst using Phentermine 37.5 mg , as well as given prescription drugs, you may have to dominate-the-kitchen counter (Over-the-counter) medications every so often. Additionally, many individuals pick acquire added health supplements to improve wellbeing, assistance with along side it outcomes of Phentermine 37.5 mg  or to boost the strength of Apettite supressant 37.5 mg .
Low-Prescription Medications
All of us take the unexpected capsule to assist each and every evening ailments for example head aches or upset stomach, when taking Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  there could be the possibility that you are quite likely going to severe headaches, nausea, wooziness, and irregularity as a number of the typical Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  side consequences. Healthcare research has discovered that medications like pain killers may cause your the urinary system pH to become a lot more acid (this means Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  is released more quickly), so it is advisable to restriction how much pain killers and also other Over-the-counter medicines you are taking while you’re taking Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  otherwise you will compromise the potency of Phentermine 37.5 milligrams . When you’re recommended Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , it is a great idea to question the physician if they would suggest almost any prescription drugs for problems like heartburn, problems, or other aches that you may be at risk of, as some may be suited than the others when used with Apettite supressant 37.5 mg .
Supplements
Health supplements such as 5-HTP or vitamin B12 injection therapy are often given together with Phentermine 37.5 milligram  to increase connection between appetite suppression and-increasing. You can even want to consider dietary supplements, for example the multi-vitamin Phen Vites, to be able to minimize other Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  side outcomes such as lower disposition, lack of vitality, and sleeplessness instead of getting extra drugs including sleep aids or anti–depressants. Moreover, these dietary supplements help maximize the outcomes of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  unlike some medicines that may result in Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  to be passed from your system more rapidly, as a result lessening the weight-reduction-enhancing outcomes. If you feel that Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  has stopped working or that it is not competitive with you had anticipated, then you can need to include a dietary supplement including Phen Lids. Phen Lids operate like Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  by suppressing hunger and increasing electricity, but because Phen Hats include diverse substances, these are digested through the entire body in another way and therefore help boost the effectiveness of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  through diverse systems in your body.
 
Like with incorporating any prescription drugs, getting drugs with Phentermine 37.5 milligram  is something must be practiced if many experts have accepted by a doctor. And, even if you have been told it is great to consider a drugs with Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , you must nonetheless make sure you be added meticulous about the possibility of additional unwanted effects that will arise because of an conversation backward and forward prescription drugs, if they have been approved in your case or are no-prescription medications.

Payday Loans Can Help To Save The Day For You Personally

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Visit diverse banking companies, and you may receive very many situations being a buyer. Financial institutions fee a variety of charges useful, offer distinct stipulations along with the very same is true for online payday loans. If you are interested in learning more about the possibilities of online payday loans, these article will get rid of some light on the subject.

When you are during this process of securing a cash advance, make sure you see the contract very carefully, looking for any invisible costs or crucial pay out-back information and facts. Will not indicator the contract until you completely understand everything. Search for warning signs, for example large costs when you go every day or more within the loan’s expected date. You might turn out having to pay way over the original amount borrowed.

Make time to evaluate distinct loan companies. You will notice that some lenders can have reduced rates, or that some might not charge a fee a charge for taking out financing. Should you need money right away, there are actually loan companies who satisfy that want others may make you hold out lengthier to your personal loan, though they usually cost significantly less. Should you check around, you will find the borrowed funds that works for your unique circumstance.

Make sure to perform essential study. Tend not to be happy with the 1st financial institution that you simply discover. Examine various rates. This could take a little lengthier however, the cash savings will be worth the time. It is possible to compare distinct loan providers on the internet.

If you should get a pay day loan, open up a brand new checking account at the bank you don’t usually use. Ask the bank for short-term investigations, and employ this profile to obtain your pay day loan. As soon as your financial loan will come because of, put in the total amount, you must pay back the money in your new banking account. This safeguards your normal income if you happen to can’t spend the money for personal loan back by the due date.

Verify your credit report prior to search for a pay day loan. Consumers having a healthful credit rating can acquire more beneficial interest rates and relation to pay back. If your credit history is within bad form, you will definitely pay out interest rates which are better, and you may not be eligible for a lengthier financial loan word.

If you are seeking out a pay day loan but have under stellar credit rating, attempt to obtain your loan by using a loan company that will not check out your credit track record. These days there are several various loan providers on the market that can still give personal loans to those with poor credit or no credit score.

When dealing with a payday lender, remember how securely controlled they can be. Interest rates tend to be legally capped at various level’s condition by condition. Really know what obligations they have and what personal privileges which you have as being a client. Possess the information for regulating federal government workplaces handy.

Make an application for your cash advance the first thing inside the time. Numerous loan companies use a strict quota on the level of online payday loans they may offer you on any day. When the quota is success, they close up up go shopping, so you are out of luck. Arrive early on to avert this.

In the event you discover that getting a pay day loan had been a blunder for you personally, study from it. Following employing 1, you could be angry due to the fees associated to utilizing their providers. You can use these thoughts to stimulate yourself to start off an urgent situation savings account, and borrow from on your own the next time!

As soon as you decide to simply accept a payday loan, ask for those terms in writing prior to putting your business on anything. There are actually cons which can be established to provide a membership that you simply might or might not want, and consider the cash correct out of your bank account without you knowing.

When you are applying for a pay day loan on-line, attempt to avoid receiving them from locations which do not have clear contact details on the site. A lot of payday loan organizations usually are not in america, and they can demand excessively high fees. Make sure you are mindful who you are loaning from.

Pay day loans shouldn’t intimidate you anymore. Now you must enough info to create the right choice on regardless of whether, or perhaps not you should get a payday advance. Hopefully, employ everything you figured out these days. Make your right choices when figuring out to have a pay day loan. Best of luck within your long term projects.

Tips To Help You Undertand Pay Day Loans

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For those who have ever endured money troubles, do you know what it can be want to truly feel worried simply because you have zero alternatives. Fortunately, payday cash loans are present to assist just like you get through a tricky monetary period of time in your life. Nevertheless, you have to have the right details to have a good knowledge about these sorts of organizations. Below are great tips that will help you.

Check out numerous payday loan businesses to discover the best charges. There are several lenders that have bodily places but there are loan companies on the internet. These places all have to get your business based on costs. Many will also offer you a deal if you have not lent before. Prior to deciding to choose a financial institution, be sure to look at each of the choices you might have.

If you are during this process of acquiring a payday loan, be certain to look at the commitment carefully, looking for any secret fees or essential shell out-back info. Tend not to indication the arrangement before you completely grasp almost everything. Seek out warning signs, for example large fees if you go every day or more on the loan’s due particular date. You can find yourself spending way over the original loan amount.

If you determine you require a pay day loan, do your love and check around. Time may be ticking away and also you require funds very quickly. Nevertheless, through taking only a husband and wife hrs to look into some different options, you can save lots of money. This method will ensure you don’t spend your money having to pay unnecessary fascination.

Before taking out a cash advance, be sure to know the pay back conditions. These personal loans carry high interest rates and inflexible charges, and also the prices and charges only raise when you are delayed making a transaction. Will not remove a loan well before fully analyzing and learning the phrases in order to avoid these issues.

Prior to signing up for the pay day loan, cautiously take into account the money that you need to have. You must use only how much cash that might be necessary in the short term, and that you are able to pay rear after the word from the loan.

Before signing up for any cash advance, meticulously take into account how much cash that you will need. You must obtain only how much cash that will be needed in the short term, and that you may be able to pay back again following the phrase of the financial loan.

Look at all of the payday loan options before you choose a payday loan. While many lenders demand settlement in 14 days and nights, there are several lenders who now give you a thirty day expression which could meet your needs better. Different payday advance loan providers may also offer different settlement possibilities, so select one that meets your requirements.

In case you are developing a difficult experience determining whether or not to make use of a payday loan, phone a client credit history specialist. These specialists typically benefit no-profit agencies that provide free credit and financial assistance to buyers. These people will help you find the correct pay day lender, or possibly help you rework your finances so that you will do not require the loan.

While confronting payday loan companies, generally enquire about a fee lower price. Sector insiders reveal these particular lower price charges can be found, but only to individuals that ask about it purchase them. A good marginal low cost can help you save money that you really do not possess right now in any case. Regardless of whether they claim no, they might discuss other discounts and choices to haggle for the organization.

There are a few payday advance businesses that are honest for their consumers. Make time to investigate the company you want for taking a loan by helping cover their prior to signing anything at all. Several of these organizations do not possess the best fascination with brain. You need to look out for your self.

Paying off a pay day loan immediately is obviously the easiest method to go. Paying them back immediately is always the best thing to do. Funding the loan via numerous extensions and salary periods provides the interest rate a chance to bloat your loan. This could quickly amount to several times the quantity you lent.

You need to now be capable of get the best determination yourself. This short article must have offered you everything you should know to make a decision. Most people are dealing with economic struggles. Usually, your best option away from a crisis is knowing your alternatives.

Athens – What To See And How To See It

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There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.

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Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

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Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

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Ancient History – Athens

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Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

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Athens – The Destination

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Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, which is certainly fitting for the birthplace itself. Evidence of its ancient heyday is everywhere, in the remnants of monuments, statuary and sacred sites that are still revered as survivors of one of history’s most important eras.

A Poseidon adventure in art

In Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, so it is only fitting that the astoundingly wrought bronze statue of him was raised from the bottom of the Aegean Sea, where it lay for centuries after a shipwreck off the Cape of Artemision. The two-meter tall figure stands with arms extended and leaning forward on its left leg. The right hand once held a trident, and the unknown sculptor clearly was a master in accurately duplicating the complicated balancing act that goes into the seemingly simple motion of throwing a spear.

This work of art is one of the many stunning bronzes at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. The museum’s collection – which includes pieces that date all the way back to the prehistoric period – offers the best collection of Greek art in the world. Renovations closed the museum for a year and half, but it was reopened just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

At 260 feet above the city, the Acropolis (“high city”) is not only the highest point in Athens, but for many people it is the high point of any visit to Greece. It is the oldest known settlement in Greece and was a sacred site for ancient Athenians.

During the period of 448 to 420 B.C., the distinguished Athenian statesman Pericles commissioned the construction of four new monuments on the Acropolis at the site of former ruins. The Athenian sculptor Phidias presided over the construction and interior design. The Ionic Erechtheum includes the Porch of Caryatids, with its column in the shape of monumental female figures that identify remains a mystery. The Ionic Temples of Athena Nike, dedicated to the cult of Athena as the goddess of victory, was built during the Peloponnesian War, its frieze depicts the Greek victory over the Persians in the battle of Plataea. The Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis with rows of both Doric and Ionic columns, replaced an earlier version destroyed by the Persians. And of course, the Acropolis remains home to what’s left of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon, designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, took 15 years to complete. It was the closest to Pericles’ heart: Among various friezes depicting life among gods, the large statue of Athena represented his homage to the goddess and to the greatness of Athens.

Even in A.D. 131, savvy developers like the Roman Emperor Hadrian recognized the importance of signage. “This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus,” reads the inscription on Hadrian’s arch, situated at the foot of the Acropolis and once the marker between Hadrianopolis and the Athens city limits. The side facing the Acropolis and ancient Athens reads, ” This is Athens, the city of Theseus.”

Like all the surrounding monuments and the Athens infrastructure itself, Hadrian’s Arch has undergone a major facelift. The 60-foot high archway, constructed of Pentelic marble, upheld by columns with Corthinian capitals and topped by a series of Corinthians columns, lost a bit of structural stability in the mid-18th century, when 8 of its columns were removed.

Restorers shored up the arch, cleaned away centuries of pollution and repaired its cracks, just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

The Evzones

The Evzones were once the elite soldiers of the Greek army. Today they are the presidential guards, a ceremonial unit that maintains watch over The Parliament, The Presidential Mansion and The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The soldiers wear a traditional and highly photogenic uniform comprising a scarlet cap with a long black tassel, a cotton tunic, black knee tassels above white stockings, red clogs with black pompons and a woolen kilt called a fustanella. The fustanella has 400 pleats, one for each year that the Greeks were on the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. Bearing leather cartridge belts and rifles with a bayonet, the soldiers maintain strict physical discipline as they stand at attention and resist tourists’ attempts to distract them.

A changing of guard is performed daily before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, but on Sundays, the complete ceremony – involving an army band and dozens of soldiers – is conducted.

Alice in Wonderland

Imagine Alice in Wonderland’s tumble into a magical world, and you will have an idea what this-off-beaten-path attraction in the Village of Paiania is like. Far larger than a rabbit hole, Koutouki Cave is a natural wonder that will awe you with its colors and formations. In 1926, a goat disappeared from its herd where it was grazing on the slope of Mount Ymittos. A search turned up a small crevice, and a brave soul descended by rope into the abyss below. The goat had not survived the fall, but its intended rescuer returned with a story of a beautiful underground chamber.

The vertical cave consists of a 38.5 meter shaft that opens onto a large cavern with a diameter of about 60 meters. Guided tours take visitors in through a man-made entrance and lead them on a path through stalactites and stalagmites formed by mineral deposits from water seeping through the limestone of the mountain. The tour ends with a light show accompanied by classical music. It’s just a short taxi ride from Athens to nearby Paiania.

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Seeing the Sights of Athens Through Taxi Tours

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There is no denying how Athens is one of the most important sites in the world for political, economic and aesthetic advancement and enhancement. For many people, it IS the most significant place in the world, period. And this birthplace of western philosophy seems to have fanned its mysticism throughout the ages. Today, Athens is still one of the most visited sites in the world. Many people want to retrace the footsteps of famous philosophers, writers and artists. Not to mention that Athens has a rugged beauty that merits separate praise.

This busy city is made up of twelve hills, seven of which play a historical role in Athens’ rise. Acropolis and Lycavittos are the two most prominent as it is where most of the important historical landmarks such as the Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Theatre of Dionysius and Temple of Olympian Zeus is found. Being made up of seven hills though, Athens is a difficult place to tour if you’re planning to do it via foot. Unless you plan to isolate yourself to a particular section throughout your trip, let’s say in Acropolis, for example, then conquering it via foot would be fine. But if you want an overall tour of the area, trekking it just won’t do especially when there’s a time element involved. You can rely on their Metro train system which is quite effective and cheap to boot. One can take you to the city center for €6. For those traveling in groups, there are packages for three or more which can be purchased in the different stations. Buses and a suburban railway system will also do.

However if comfort and convenience is a priority, then taking an Athens taxi is the best mode of transportation whilst in the area. You can get one in advance prior to arriving so an itinerary can be planned for you. Getting a package in advance will also garner you discounts. Should you decide to get one from the airport though, you will be paying €30-35 for the single ride and you can negotiate for a taxi tour from there. Taxi tours in Athens is one of the easiest ways to go around in the area. Overall price will depend on what you and your driver will agree to. Be careful when flagging taxis. Some of them may take advantage that you’re a tourist and will not flag down their meters in hopes for getting a bulk price. There are also tariffs involved. Make sure that the Tariff is Tariff 1. Tariff 2 doubles the rate and is applicable after midnight. Make sure to read the driver well. If you think the rate is abnormally high, then check with an English-speaking local to confirm the price.

Make sure also that you’re getting taxis from a reliable company. Although canary yellow taxis are very common in Athens, you will have no hold if the driver tries to fraud you whereas a taxi that hails under a company will be more careful. As common practice, taxis follow two rates, one that applies inside the city limits including the airport and one that applies outside of it. The minimum fare of Rate 1 is €1 while the minimum fare of Rate 2 is €2.65. If you’re from the airport, the fare will start at €3.20 and if there’s heavy luggage involved then a minimum rate will be added to that too.

Taxi tours can be quite tricky but many attest that it’s all worth it considering you get to see the sights of Athens at your own time and pace.

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